La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. . 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.
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Both activities are represented in the “Gemara” as a literary work. Every aspect of the Mishnaic text is treated as a subject of close investigation. The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives a particular law.
The process of deduction required to derive a conclusion from a prooftext is often logically complex and indirect.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: In the Talmud, a sugya is guemxra as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with the Talmudic text as a record of each step in the process of reasoning and derivation. The analysis of the Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim.
The main compilers were Revina and Rav Ashi. What underlying principle is entailed in a statement of fact or in a specific instance brought as an illustration? By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version. Because there guemqra two Gemaras, there are in fact two Talmuds: The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the Talmud.
The disputants here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”. It seeks to answer under which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible.
Why does the Mishna use one word rather than another? Not to be confused with Gamera.
Often imputing a view to an earlier authority as to how he may have answered a question: This article needs additional citations for verification. In a narrow sense, the word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic. Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. A sugya will typically comprise a detailed proof-based elaboration of the Mishna. All statements are examined for internal consistency. There are two versions of the Gemara.
Gemara – Wikipedia
If they do, why do they differ? March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Demonstrating how the Mishnah’s rulings or disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts. Do certain authorities differ or not?
After the Mishnah was published by Judah the Prince c. Exploring the logical principles underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to differences in their practical application.
The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange by contrast, lq Mishnah states concluded legal opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim. Resolving contradictions, perceived or actual, between different statements in the Mishnah, or between the Mishnah and other traditions; e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Prooftexts ,a to corroborate or disprove the respective opinions and theories will include:. Some of these debates were actually conducted by the Amoraimthough many of them are hypothetically reconstructed by the Talmud’s redactors.
If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention. Views Read Edit View history. Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah.
The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim. In each sugyaeither participant may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective opinions. This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud.
Sometimes the language changes in the middle of a guemra.
Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1
Gueemara rabbis of the Mishnah are known as Tannaim sing. Retrieved from ” https: The distinctive character of the gemara derives largely from the intricate use of argumentation and debate, described above. The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. There is little dialogue.
Le Talmud de Babylone, Roch Hachana
If a statement appears obvious, the Gemara seeks the logical reason for its necessity. If a principle is presented as a generalization, the gemara clarifies how much is included; if an exception, how much is excluded. The Talmud thus comprises two components: